First Posted on May 2, 2014
The diet of parrots consists mainly of nuts, seeds, vegetables and fruit. Birds who are kept in the house often get egg food and pellets . But there is also food that you absolutely can not give a parrot. Food which is toxic to the parrot. The consequences can vary from a sick parrot, to a parrot who will die from the effects. In this article you can read what foods you should never give to a parrot.
Most parrot owners know that birds should never eat avocado. That’s because avocados contain the substance persin. This substance is very toxic to the parrot. It is an oil soluble compound, similar to a fatty acid. The problem with persin is that the parrot can not break down this substance. The parrot may die of cardiac arrest.
The substance theobromine in chocolate is toxic to parrots. Effects of eating chocolate are formation of ulcers, irritation of the digestive tract, internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. Symptoms include increased nervousness of the bird, for example, extreme trembling and panting.
Theobromine is quickly absorbed by the body and will end up in the blood. It affects the heart muscle, irregular heartbeat and rapid breathing are consequences. Also muscle cramps and muscle spasms are consequences. The parrot can die from cardiac or respiratory arrest. Liver and kidneys can be damaged.
Peanuts are very often given to parrots. Unfortunately peanuts can be very harmful to the health of a parrot. Many parrot past away from eating too many peanuts.
Foods that are sold in the shops shall not contain more than a certain amount of aflatoxin. Yet it is wise to eat as little as possible. Especially for a small animal like a parrot, a small amount can be harmful. There are plenty of other foods for the parrot, the peanut can best be avoided.
Rhubarb can lead to a reduced calcium content. A lack of calcium can lead to osteoporosis and fractures and muscle cramps.
Apple seeds contain cyanide and this is toxic to your parrot. If you remove the seeds, you can give the apple.
Garlic and onion
Garlic and onion in small quantities can not hurt your parrot. They damage the hemoglobin from the red blood cells. This hemoglobin is important and a deficiency leads to anemia. Symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath and rapid heartbeat.
Dried fruit is a great snack for the parrot. Please note that you only buy pure dried fruit. So not dried fruit where a lot of sugar has been added. Sulfurized dried fruit is harmful, sulfur is in fact very toxic to the parrot.
Almonds and rowan
Almonds may contain toxic hydrocyanic acid. How bitter the taste of the note, the more toxic it is. Eating 10-15 bitter almonds has deadly consequences for humans. It is important to distinguish between sweet and bitter almonds. Sweet almonds are low in prussic acid and so can not hurt. You recognize the bitter almonds because they have a slightly smaller and rounder shape and naturally bitter taste.
Hydrocyanic acid is also found in the nucleus of the rowan. The parrot makes this pit broken and will therefore cyanide inside. So never give too much rowan berries and almonds.
Coffee and alcohol
The caffeine in coffee is harmful to a parrot. The same goes for alcohol. Alcohol is extremely toxic to the liver, as well as in humans. Only the parrot is much smaller so the liver becomes damaged faster.
Sugar is unhealthy for the parrot. This will not immediately show to death or immediate symptoms of disease, but too much sugar leads to obesity and many diseases . Sugar is just not a suitable diet for a parrot . Sugar -rich products also often contain colorants, fragrances and other preservatives.
Salt is harmful to humans and animals The problem with salt is that you give the parrot too much very quickly. For example, a person weighing 140 times as much as a parrot. People are advised to eat a maximum of 6 grams of salt per day. When we apply this to the parrot, this means that the parrot should eat a maximum of 0.04 grams of salt per day. And 0.04 grams of course, is quickly reached. Therefore it is often recommended to give the parrot no salt.
Also, mushrooms are fungi that can cause gastrointestinal symptoms in birds. The hoods and trunks of some species can cause serious damage to the liver and even death.
In addition, a parrot is a parrot. It is therefore unwise to feed the parrot like yo feed a human. Do not give the parrot fast food, fried foods or sweets and biscuits. This is food for humans. This might not hurt in the short term, but it is definitely not healthy for the parrot.
Do you perhaps have another product that can be harmful for the parrot? Let me know in a comment below.
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